Kara Te (空手): Empty Hand. The martial art of Japanese origin, emphasizing striking techniques using punches, kicks, knees, elbows, and open-hand techniques. **
Kara Te Do(空手道): The Way of Karate. **
Kara Te Ka (空手家): Practitioner of Karate. **
Bu Shi Do (武 士 道): The Way of the Warrior
Sensei (先生): Refers to a karate instructor or teacher. **
Renshi (錬士): Entry Level Master
Shihan (師範): Master Instructor
Sen pai (先輩): Senior
Ko hai (後輩): Junior **
De Shi (弟 子): Student
Kyu (級): Rank **
Dan (段): Grade or Level. **
Dojo (道場): The training hall or school where karate practitioners train. **
Gi (着): The traditional uniform worn in karate, typically consisting of a jacket and pants. **
Obi (帯): The belt worn around the waist, indicating the practitioner's rank. **
Rei Shiki (礼 式): Bowing Ceremony
Ki Hon (基本): Fundamental techniques, often used as the building blocks for more advanced movements. **
I Do (移 動): Movement **
Kata (型): A pre-arranged sequence of movements, representing various defensive and offensive techniques.
Embusen (演武線): The "line of performance" or "pattern of movements" in martial arts forms or katas.
Bunkai ( 分解): The process of analyzing and breaking down the movements and techniques of a kata to understand their practical applications in self-defense or combat situations.
Maai (間合い): The "combative distance" or "timing".
Bunkai (分解): "Bunkai" refers to the practice of analyzing and breaking down the movements and techniques of a kata (pre-arranged sequence of movements) to understand their practical applications in self-defense or combat situations.
Kumi Te (組手): Sparring or partner drills involving controlled fighting.
Ippon Kumi Te (一本組手): one-step sparring.
Yakusoku Kumi Te (約束組手): Prearranged or drilled sparring.
Rangeki Kumi Te (乱隙組手): random attack sparring. one participant takes on the role of the attacker, delivering attacks from various angles and distances with a degree of unpredictability. The defender must respond with appropriate blocks, strikes, and counters while adapting to the changing attacks.
Ji Yū Kumi Te (自由組手): Where practitioners engage in controlled and dynamic exchanges of techniques with a degree of freedom. Unlike prearranged forms or drills, "Ji Yū Kumi Te" allows participants to react spontaneously and use a variety of techniques against a live, resisting opponent.
Randori Kumi Te (乱取り組手): multiple-attack sparring.
Uke (受け): Defensive role of receiving or blocking an opponent's attack. **
Geri ( 蹴り): Kicks **
Dachi (立ち): Stand **
Tsuki or Zuki (突き): Punch or Thrusting Technique. **
Uchi (打ち): Describe various striking techniques, such as punches, strikes, or hits. **
Waza (技): Techniques or skills in karate.
Ashi-barai (足払い): Foot Sweep
Tai-sabaki (体捌き): Describes the art of moving the body to avoid attacks, find better positions, or create openings for counterattacks.
Yori-ashi (寄足): Yori-ashi involves smoothly and silently gliding the feet closer together or apart to adjust one's distance from the opponent while maintaining balance and readiness.
Suri Ashi (すり足): A movement technique where the foot is lifted slightly off the ground and then slid forward or backward, allowing for smooth and quiet movement.
Tori (取り): The person executing a technique during training.
Zanshin (残心): The state of maintaining awareness and focus even after executing a technique. Poise and control
Kime ( 決め): Concept of focusing or concentrating one's energy and power at the point of impact during a technique.
Mushin (無 心): “(having) No Thought” or “(having) No Emotion”
Ippon (一本): Refers to a full-point score, often used in competitions.
Hoko (方向): Direction.
Kazoeru (数える): Count
Shirei (指令): Command
Tobi (飛び): Jump
Ki Ai (気合い): A loud shout or vocal expression of energy during a technique. **
Mokuso (黙想): Meditation or silent contemplation, often performed at the beginning and end of training. **
Hai ( はい): Yes **
Iie (いいえ): No **
Onegai Shimasu (お願いします): I welcome you to train with me.
Gozaimashita (ございました): Thank-you very much. **
Dozo (どうぞ): Can be translated as "please," "go ahead," "here you go," or "feel free."
Musubi Dachi (結び立ち): Informal Attention Stance (feet in a 'V"). **
Heiko Dachi (平行立ち): Stance where the feet are placed parallel to each other and shoulder-width apart. The arms are positioned naturally at the sides. **
Soto Dachi (外立ち): Outward stance. Feet are placed wider apart, and the toes are turned slightly outward. The weight is distributed evenly between both legs.
Uchi Dachi (内立ち): Inside stance. Feet are positioned wider apart, and the toes are turned slightly inward. The weight is typically distributed evenly between both legs.
Shiko Dachi" (四股立ち): Horse stance **
Kiba Dachi (騎馬立ち): Straddle Stance
Sanchin Dachi (三戦 立ち): Immovable Stance **
Zenkutsu dachi (前屈立ち): Front Stance **
Han Zenkutsu Dachi (半前屈 立ち): Half-Front Stance
Kokutsu Dachi (後屈立ち): Back Stance
Neko-ashi Dachi (猫足立ち): Cat Stance
Hachiji Dachi (八字立ち): Natural stance, feet are placed shoulder-width apart, with the toes slightly turned outward.
Renoji Dachi (レの字立ち): L-shaped stance
Kosa Dachi (交差立ち): Cross-legged Stance
Sensei (先生): General term for "teacher" or "instructor."
Shi Han (師範): Shihan is a high-level instructor title, often translated as "master instructor."
Renshi (錬士): Renshi means "polished instructor." It represents a senior level of teaching proficiency and is often awarded to individuals who have demonstrated a high standard of technical skill and teaching ability.
Kyoshi (教士): Kyoshi means "teacher of teachers." It is a title given to senior instructors who have not only achieved a high level of technical proficiency but have also made significant contributions to the development and promotion of karate.
Han Shi (範士): Hanshi is one of the highest instructor titles. It is often translated as "exemplary master." Hanshi is typically awarded to individuals who have achieved a very high dan rank, have extensive teaching experience, and have made substantial contributions to the art of karate.
Kancho (館長): Kancho refers to the head or founder of a martial arts organization or school. This title is more commonly associated with the leadership of a martial arts organization as a whole rather than an individual instructor.
Soke (宗家): Soke is a title reserved for the head of a particular martial arts style or system. It represents the founder and highest authority of that style.